THE new points-based immigration bill for EU citizens that could come into affect when Brexit is finalised has passed its crucial second reading in the Commons .
Here’s everything you need to know.
What is the new Immigration Bill?
The Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill 2020 effectively puts an end to EU free movement in the UK.
The legislation paves the way for the new immigration system to be introduced in January 2021.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said it was a “firmer, fairer and simpler” system.
She added: “This historic piece of legislation gives the UK full control of our immigration system for the first time in decades and the power to determine who comes to this country.
“Our new points-based system is firmer, fairer, and simpler. It will attract the people we need to drive our economy forward and lay the foundation for a high wage, high skill, high productivity economy.
This is a once in a generation opportunity to build a future.”
What does a points-based system mean?
The new system would see those wanting to enter the UK only granted a visa if they have a confirmed job offer and speak English.
Those two factors will rack up 50 points, but potential incomers need to have at least 70 points before they can enter the country.
People can earn points for things like earning at least £25,600, working a “skilled job”, working in a profession that the UK has a shortage of and having a relevant PhD.
Wh0 counts as an low skilled worker?
There isn’t actually a definition of what the Government classes as a “low skilled” workers”.
However, since the points-system is based on salary, it’s expected lower-paid jobs will fall into the category of “low skilled”.
But it doesn’t mean low earners won’t be allowed into the country, as you can make up points in other aspects.
Who does it apply to?
The new system will apply to anyone coming from any country in the world now.
Previously, EU citizens didn’t need a visa to work in the UK under freedom of movement laws.
What system will it replace?
The new system isn’t necessarily replacing an old immigration system – it will come into affect once the UK leaves the EU and freedom of movement no longer applies.
There’s also a similar system in place for anyone outside the EU, that sees potential incomers earning points.
There are also different types of visas in place, for instance spousal visas for those who have married someone living in the UK.
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